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Epilepsy is a brain disorder marked by recurring seizures, or convulsions. The autism-epilepsy overlap appears to be most common among people who also have intellectual disability.
Studies suggest that 15 to 30 percent of individuals with autism also have epilepsy. And about 5 percent of those who develop epilepsy in early childhood also develop autism. Experts propose that some of the developmental brain changes associated with autism also contribute to seizures. These differences in brain development appear to cause changes in the activity of brain nerve cells, or neurons. Neurons process and transmit information and send signals to the rest of the body. Certain disturbances in their activity can cause seizures. Experts propose that some of the brain abnormalities associated with autism may also contribute to seizures.
Recognizing epilepsy in someone with autism - Seizures can begin at any age,though research has identified two peaks in onset among children with autism-in the preschool years and again in adolescence.
Characteristic symptoms include :
Other less-specific symptoms can include :
Also called autism spectrum disorder. A serious developmental disorder that impairs the ability to communicate and interact. Autism spectrum disorder impacts the nervous system and affects the overall cognitive, emotional, social and physical health of the affected individual.
The range and severity of symptoms can vary widely. Common symptoms include difficulty with communication, difficulty with social interactions, obsessive interests and repetitive behaviors.
Diagnosing and treating epilepsy is critically important. Research shows that individuals with autism and untreated epilepsy are at greater risk for overall poor health,and in extreme circumstances, premature death. Compared to those without seizures, children with ASD and seizures are also more likely to have sleep difficulties and behavior problems.
We very well know, at initial stages there are no symptoms. It can be diagnosed only when revealed on the physical. But by then it is too late. Autism cases can be detected as early as 2 to 3 year of age. We advise immediate early attention to stop any further damage.