Also called – DIABETES MELLITUS.
A group of diseases that result in too much sugar in the blood (high blood glucose).
Diabetes mellitus (DM), commonly referred to as diabetes, is a group of metabolic disorders in which there are high blood sugar levels over a prolonged period. Symptoms of high blood sugar include frequent urination, increased thirst, and increased hunger. If left untreated, diabetes can cause many complications. Acute complications can include diabetic ketoacidosis, hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state, or death. Serious long-term complications include cardiovascular disease, stroke, chronic kidney disease, foot ulcers, and damage to the eyes.
Diabetes is due to either the pancreas not producing enough insulin or the cells of the body not responding properly to the insulin produced.
There are three main types of diabetes mellitus
Type 1 diabetes
A chronic condition in which the pancreas produces little or no insulin.
The body does not produce insulin. Some people may refer to this type as insulindependent diabetes, juvenile diabetes, or early-onset diabetes. People usually develop type 1 diabetes before their 40th year, often in early adulthood or teenage years. Approximately 10% of all diabetes cases are type 1. These patients will need to take insulin injections for the rest of their life. They must also ensure proper blood-glucose levels by out regular blood tests and following a special diet.
Type 2 diabetes
A chronic condition that affects the way the body processes blood sugar (glucose).